By Adriana Sommer da Costa
Psychologist and Sexologist
Aids, Immune System Deficiency Syndrome, a small word by no means less meaningful
in that a string of consequences, physical and emotional. Equally to conflicts
involved in the psychosocial affect of bias and social discrimination.
History has it, that AIDS got official reports in the year of 1981, in the
US, despite scientific survey that brought across as hypothesis, the idea that,
in and around the 40's and the 50's, could have men been already infected. For
those unaware, at the time, there had a relatively significant rate of gay men
in for, in the city of New York, whose disease symptoms, similar to pneumonia
and called Kaposi's sarcoma, would rendered their immune system quite frail,
in other words, decrepit it.
And yet, no one could tell for sure, at what extent this disease, as unclassified,
would be infectious, contagious and transmissible, and if it, not entirely understood
its transmission vector was, which would provoke apprehension and fear.
Furthermore, in Brazil, for instance, the two first cases made public of patients
with full-blown AIDS came in 1982.
In 1986, an international committee recommended, in the light of researches
started out in 1983, whose researcher Luc-Montaigner due-merits successfully
isolated the HIV virus from AIDS victim's breakthrough, the use of the HIV acronym.
A sexually infectious disease capable of transmitting to others.
In face of such appalling news, laboratorial conclusions on transmission vectors
were conducted, once again isolating the HIV virus, but from bodily secretions
as saliva and urine instead.
Combine with findings on genotype confirms that the HIV virus only can be transmitted
through bodily fluids, sexually or blood serum contact and vertical-(mother-to-baby).
According to the United Nations, its most widespread mode of transmission being
unprotected sex between heterosexual,.
You certainly heard a good deal of risk groups, ding-dong-the witch is dead
since it's no longer on I'm afraid.
All there is today is risky-behavioral, sexually speaking- hetero, epitomized
by unprotected sex mostly.
Blood transmission comes next when needle sharing takes precedence.
Lastly, vertical transmission of mother to baby-to-be, placing the Sub-Saharan
region at the top end of the infectious rate, largely by breast-feeding, in
gestation and at childbed.